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Estimate First Crop Pre-Harvest Alfalfa Quality in the Field Using PEAQ
Climatic variations impact alfalfa growth and development making it impossible to use a calendar date to best determine when to harvest the first crop. This publication provides a method called Predictive Equations for Alfalfa Quality (PEAQ) to determine when the first crop should be harvested.
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Making the Switch to Baleage
Baleage can provide an alternative harvest system for producers, reducing the amount of dry matter loss during storage and limiting waste at feeding. The limited time needed to make baleage lends itself to earlier and more frequent cuttings of growth, which increases the overall quality of the stored forage. The shorter time needed to make baleage also decreases the impact of weather on harvest.
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Grazing native plants in Iowa: processes and experiences
Find out how grazing livestock on Iowa prairies and grasslands can balance economics with ecology, benefiting both the land manager and the producer. Compares available nutrients and costs of various grasses, forbs, and hay. Describes relationship between grazing native plants and increasing wildlife diversity. Profiles six operations including graziers, land managers, and conservationists.
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Fertilizing Pasture
Research has demonstrated large increases in days of grazing, annual gain, or milk production per acre by fertilizing low yielding pastures. This publication addresses grass pasture fertilization rates, timing, and soil quality, including: types of nitrogen; nitrogen rates, response, and profits; and phosphorous and potassium (P-K) rates for legume-grass pastures.
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Improving Pasture By Frost Seeding
Frost seeding, sometimes referred to as overseeding, is an easy and inexpensive way to establish legumes in existing green pastures. This publication explains site selection, seeding, weed control, soil testing, fertilizing, grazing, and ongoing management. Includes seeding rates for alfalfa, birdsfoot trefoil, lespedeza, red, ladino, and alsike clover.
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Steps to Establish and Maintain Legume-Grass Pastures
Explores the steps to establish and maintain legume-grass pastures, including soil preparation, species and variety selection, seeding, weed and companion crop control, and management.
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Forage Testing Laboratories
This list of forage testing laboratories represents many of the laboratories in Iowa, Wisconsin, Nebraska, Minnesota, Missouri, Illinois, Ohio, and South Dakota that are used by Iowa livestock producers.
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Forage Sampling and Sampling Equipment
Tips for accurate forage sampling and where to buy hay sampling probes.
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Estimated Costs of Pasture and Hay Production
This is a summary of estimated costs of improving pasture by five different systems. For each system, both the initial cost per acre and the annual maintenance cost per acre are presented.
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Alfalfa Management Guide
Learn how to achieve top yields to maximize profits. This 2011 edition offers the latest information and strategies for alfalfa establishment, production, and harvest. Includes many color photos and charts.

Insects covered include: alfalfa blotch leafminer, alfalfa weevil, aphids, blister beetle, clover leaf weevil, clover root curculio, grasshoppers, plant bugs, potato leafhoppers, spittlebugs, and variegated cutworm.

Diseases covered include: anthracnose, aphanomyces root rot, bacterial wilt, common leaf spot, lepto leaf spot, fusarium wilt, phytophthora root rot, root-lesion nematodes, sclerotinia, spring black stem, summer black stem, and verticillium wilt.
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Incorporating Prairies into Multifunctional Landscapes
See how prairies can benefit farms and find the steps necessary to establish and manage prairies. Look at various uses for prairies: livestock grazing, hay production, biomass feedstocks, and carbon sequestering.
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Selecting Forage Species
This publication compares grass and legume performance for best performance in a variety of environmental conditions.
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Stockpiled Forages: A Way to Extend the Grazing Season
Improve profitability of grazing livestock enterprises with information about additional forage use.
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Converting to Pasture or Hay - Evaluating Current Vegetation | Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options
Don't destroy current CRP vegetation until you evaluate all your options.
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Maximizing Profitability on Highly Erodible Land in Iowa | Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options
Options in grass may be the most profitable for CRP land when the long term cost of erosion is considered. Get the details on six income options: CRP, two rotational grazing options, two crop options (rotational corn/soybean), and alfalfa/orchard grass hay.
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Converting CRP Contract Land to an Active Grazing System on Your Farm - Evaluating Resources and Setting Goals | Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options
Tips for setting management goals before converting CRP land to active grazing. Evaluate livestock, pasture, and management resources.
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Converting to Pasture or Hay - Repairing, Replanting CRP Land | Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options
Consider your options for establishing and renovating pastures.
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Converting to Pasture or Hay - Forage Seeding Mixtures | Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options
Get detailed seed mixture recommendations to improve the productivity and nutritive value of forage legumes and/or grasses.
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Estimating Available Pasture Forage
This publication includes information about why to estimate available forage, the sources of general pasture production estimates, and how to estimate pasture forage in a particular pasture.
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Guide for Year-Round Forage Supply
This publication will help you evaluate your current forage/livestock balance during the grazing season and explore alternative types of pastures or their management to achieve better pasture balance and ways to extend the grazing season. Includes helpful figures and worksheets.
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The Ensiling Process and Additives
Ensiling products has many purposes, including achieving optimum dry matter content, providing long-term storage and increasing harvest-time flexibility. Learn how to safely and successfully ensile your plant products.
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Evaluating Hay and Pasture Stands for Winter Injury
Presents management options for winter-injured stands.
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Interseeding Small-Seeded Forages into Sod with Conventional Corn/Soybean Planters | Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options
Detailed information on using conventional corn/soybean planters to interseed small-seeded forages into sod.
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Intercropping Winter Cereal Grains and Red Clover
This publication provides details of research indicating intercropping of winter cereal grains with red clover is a promising option for expanding crop rotation. Careful management is the key.
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Pasture Management Guide for Livestock Producers
This guide provides a general pasture management reference for livestock producers, agriculture advisors, and teachers and students. The color publication covers practices to increase production and returns by improving management of grassland.
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Interseeding and No-Till Pasture Renovation
Interseeding and no-till pasture renovation offer opportunities for improving pasture productivity. Production of low yielding pastures can be doubled or tripled with the introduction of more productive grass or legume species.
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Management Guide for the Production of Switchgrass for Biomass Fuel in Southern Iowa
Switchgrass has become a biomass fuel crop for energy generation in southern Iowa. Use these guidelines to help minimize difficulty producing acceptable switchgrass stands in the seeding year.
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Switchgrass Seeding Recommendations for the Production of Biomass Fuel in Southern Iowa
This publication provides information about seed selection, storage, and planting methods used to establish switchgrass in southern Iowa.
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How Pasture Plants Grow
To make good pasture management decisions, you need to understand the growth and development of grasses and legumes.
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Wet Conditions Cause Forage Problems - Decisions
The nutritive quality of a standing crop declines both as it matures and as it is affected by spoilage microorganisms in high-humidity conditions. Find out more in this Q and A format publication.
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Birdsfoot Trefoil For Pasture
Birdsfoot trefoil has become a favorite legume in permanent pastures in Iowa because of its longevity, ability to withstand close grazing, high nutritive value, and non-bloating characteristics. Topics include: adaptation, performance, interseeding, and seeding vigor/forage yield of the carroll, leo, dawn, and empire varieties.
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Warm Season Grasses for Hay and Pasture
Switchgrass, Indiangrass, and big bluestem are warm-season grasses that are a suitable alternative for summer pasture in Iowa. Pasture efficiency may be improved by converting a percentage of the cool-season grass pasture acreage to a warm-season grass to be used in conjunction with cool-season grasses. This publication addresses topics such as species descriptions and varieties, yield and quality, seeding rate, fertilizing, and management of established stands.
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Crown and Root Diseases of Alfalfa
Did you know that crown and root diseases occur in every alfalfa stand in Iowa? Learn more about the various crown and root diseases so you can prevent them in your alfalfa crop. Includes detailed photos and descriptions.
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Birdsfoot Trefoil for Grazing and Harvested Forage
Find out about variety selection; establishment management; production management; and management of weeds, diseases, and insects for Birdsfoot trefoil in this 1993 publication.
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Agronomy: Fall Forage Management for '93 and Implications for '94 - Disaster Recovery Series
Study the lessons learned for forage in the wet conditions in 1993.
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Alfalfa: The High Quality Hay for Horses
Learn about selecting quality hay and the science of feeding. When free of mold and dust, early cut alfalfa hay will meet all or nearly all of a horse's protein needs.
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