Skip to main content
Iowa State University | Extension and Outreach
Agriculture & Environment
Pesticide Applicator Training Manuals
Families & Health
Home and Family
Food, Nutrition and Health
Strengthening Families Program
Planning and Zoning
Yard & Garden
Lawn, Shrubs, Trees
Vegetables and Herbs
Civic Engagement and Leadership
Communication and Arts
New & Revised
MidWest Plan Service
View All Topics
Remaining Time: 1:59:59
Your shopping cart will expire in
Redirecting to the homepage...
Extending your session...
An error has occurred,
redirecting to the homepage...
Grain Storage Economics Module
Storage is a primary method to ration the use of commodity corn and soybeans once harvested, throughout the marketing year. This grain module is brought to you by the
Iowa Grain Quality Initiative
and was produced by the former Crop Adviser Institute.
Click here to access the Grain Storage Economics Module
Understand the variables to consider when deciding to store grain or sell immediately after harvest.
Cost of grain ownership:
Initial costs after harvest include maintaining quality, transporting bushels to a point of sale, or processing the bushels for livestock on the farm. Quality deterioration is inevitable when storing grain for any length of time, especially if it is not properly dried after harvest. By the spring months, commercial storage costs exceed on-farm storage costs. Interest on debt against on-farm storage facility or debt on borrowed funds could be reduced by selling the grain immediately.
On-farm drying of grain will extend maximum storage time - 13 to 14 percent moisture, allowing grain to be stored for 6 to 12 months after harvest. Corn sold commercially is adjusted to 15 percent moisture for delivery of sale and 14 percent moisture for bushels placed under warehouse receipt. Cooling the grain to temperatures of 40°F or lower can extend storage time significantly. As it dries the grain will shrink causing fewer bushels to be marketed.
Ag Decision Maker (A2-33) - Cost of Storing Grain
Ag Decision Maker (A2-33) - Cost of Storing Grain Calculator
Ag Decision Maker (A2-35) - Grain Storage Alternatives: An Economic Comparison
Ag Decision Maker (A2-35) - Grain Storage Investment Comparison
Pages / Length:
Permanent link for this product:
*Product contains more buying options
Grain Drying Economics Module
Whole Farm Conservation Best Practices Manual
Corn Growth and Development
Soybean Growth and Development
Crop Production Clipboard
Field Crop Production Handbook
Pasture Management Guide for Livestock Producers
Online review course for the Iowa Certified Crop Adviser Examination
A General Guide for Crop Nutrient and Limestone Recommendations in Iowa
Late Season Corn Scouting
Mid-season Corn Scouting
Early Season Corn Scouting
Corn Growth and Development - Corn Staging
Soybean Growth and Development - Soybean Staging
Corn Growth and Development - Key Growth Stages
Back to top
Create An Account